The Kingdom of Morocco

Updated:2016-06-24 11:50:13

  

  

Capital

  Rabat

  Official languages

  Arabic(official)

  Berber(official)

  French(national)

  Ethnic groups

  Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%

  Government

King of Morocco:Mohammed VI(since 23 July 1999)
Prime Minister
of Morocco:Abdelilah Benkirane( since 3 January 2012)

  Legislature

  Upper house

  Lower house

  Area

  710,850 km2

  Population

  33,848,242

  Member cities

  The city of Sadat


      Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portion of desert. It is one of only three countries (with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. The Arabic nameal-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah (Arabic: المملكة المغربية‎‎, meaning "The Western Kingdom") and Al-Maghrib (Arabic: المغرب‎‎, meaning "The West") are commonly used as alternate names.

  Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi). Its political capital is Rabat. The largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan, Salé, Fes, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbors. Its distinct culture is a blend of Arab, indigenous Berber, Sub-Saharan African, and European influences.

  Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara as its Southern Provinces. Morocco annexed the territory in 1975, leading to a guerrilla war with indigenous forces until a cease-fire in 1991. Peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock.

  Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councilors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the Constitutional court.

  Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber. Moroccan Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is an influential member of the Arab League and a part of the Union for the Mediterranean. It has the sixth-largest economy in Africa.

   


乌鲁木齐市委、市人民政府主办 乌鲁木齐市人民政府电子政务办公室承办

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