The Kyrghyz Republic

Updated:2016-06-24 11:52:37

  

  

Capital

  Bishkek

  Official languages

  Kyrgyz (national)

  Russian (official)

  Ethnic groups

  72.6% Kyrgyz;   14.4% Uzbek;

  6.4% Russian;    1.1% Dungan;

  5.5% others

  Religion

  Islam;   Russian Orthodoxy

  Government

President of Kyrgyz Republic: Almazbek Atambayev(since 1 December 2011)

Prime Minister of Kyrgyz Republic:

Sooronbay Jeenbekov(since 13 April 2016)

  Legislature

  Supreme Council

  Area

  199,951 square km

  Population

  6,000,000

  Member cities

  The city ofBishkek

  The city of Osh


      Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, formerly known as Kirghizia, is a landlocked country located in Central Asia. Landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south west and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek.

  Kyrgyzstan's history spans over 2,000 years, encompassing a variety of cultures and empires. Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain – which has helped preserve its ancient culture – Kyrgyzstan has historically been at the crossroads of several great civilizations, namely as part of the Silk Road and other commercial and cultural routes. Though long inhabited by a succession of independent tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan has periodically come under foreign domination and attained sovereignty as a nation-state only after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.

  Since independence, Kyrgyzstan has officially been a unitary parliamentary republic, although it continues to endure ethnic conflicts, revolts, economic troubles, transitional governments and political party conflicts. Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Turkic Council, the TÜRKSOY community and the United Nations.

  Ethnic Kyrgyz make up the majority of the country's 5.7 million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The official language, Kyrgyz, is closely related to the other Turkic languages, although Russian remains widely spoken, a legacy of a century-long policy of Multiculturalism. The majority of the population (64 percent) is non-denominational Muslims. In addition to its Turkic origins, Kyrgyz culture bears elements of Persian, Mongolian and Russian influence.

   


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