The Republic of Uzbekistan

Updated:2016-06-24 11:44:13

  

Capital

  Tashkent

  Official languages

  Uzbek

  Ethnic groups

  81.1% Uzbek;   5.4% Russian;

  4.0% Tajik;     3.0% Kazakh;

  2.5% Karakalpak;  1.5% Tatar

  2.5% others

  Government

President of Uzbekistan: Islam Karimov (since 24 March 1990)

Prime Minister of Uzbekistan: Shavkat Mirziyoyev (since 12 December 2003)

  Legislature

  Upper house

  Lower house

  Area

  448,978 km2

  Population

  31,576,400

  Member cities

  The city of Bukhara


      Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia. It is a unitary, constitutional, presidential republic, comprising 12 provinces, 1 autonomous republic, and 1 capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest.

  Once part of the Turkic Khaganate and later Timurid Empires, the region that today includes the Republic of Uzbekistan, which was conquered in the early 16th century by Eastern Turkic-speaking nomads. The area was gradually incorporated into the Russian Empire during the 19th century, and in 1924 what is now Uzbekistan became a bordered constituent republic of the Soviet Union, known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, it declared independence as the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991 (officially celebrated the following day).

  Uzbekistan is officially a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. The country's official language is Uzbek, a Turkic language written in Latin alphabet and spoken natively by approximately 85% of the population; however, Russian remains in widespread use. Uzbeks constitute 81% of the population, followed by Russians (5.4%), Tajiks (4.0%), Kazakhs (3.0%), and others (6.5%). A majority of Uzbeks are non-denominational Muslims. Uzbekistan is a member of the CIS, OSCE, UN, and the SCO.

  Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, its government continues to maintain economic controls which imports in favor of domestic "import substitution".

  Uzbekistan is the happiest country in the Commonwealth of Independent States, according to World Happiness Report.

   


乌鲁木齐市委、市人民政府主办 乌鲁木齐市人民政府电子政务办公室承办

邮箱:srcfwlmq@163.com 电话:0991-4689813 传真:0991-4689961 新ICP 备05001907号

建议使用1024X768以上分辨率 IE6.0以上版本浏览器